The cross fourche or forked cross is a mark that was widely used from the 13th through the 15th century - usually encircled. Identified in Handbuch Der Waffenkunde by Wendelin Boeheim, as an Italian mark, it also saw use in Germany. Sometimes known as a consecration cross, this mark was not applied as a maker’s mark but instead had religious significance, although later the mark was applied without being associated with consecrating the sword. Several examples with a similar cross but doubly encircled are known from the Alexandria Arsenal (now residing in Istanbul).