The Fulani are a nomadic people found over a truly massive area - from deep in west Africa into the Sudan. They are best known for the Fulani Jihads of the 19th century in which the Sokoto caliphate was established. While this conflict was largely fought against Hausa states, the Fulani quickly assimilated with the Hausa ruling classes although the nomadic elements of the Fulani remained distinct. The Fulani are a takouba using group just as the Hausa and likely did much to spread the form during their military campaigns of the early 19th century, pushing deep into west Africa as well as Cameroon.